What visual agnosia might feel like

Can you name one thing in this photo? It all looks familiar, but something is off.

I find fractals fascinating. Their infinitely self-replicating nature illustrates how complex patterns can emerge from very simple rules. But the history of religions and comparative mythology are other hobbies of mine, and today I have a little story about fractals, God, or Hell.

Science and Religions

People often tend to see religion and science as opposites, one obscurantist and the other enlightening, but such generalization overlooks the vast differences between religions, and thus in the world’s understanding of their followers.

Let’s take as example some (mostly extinct) religions, like the polytheisms from antiquity. While the interest in humans of the major Gods was often limited (unless it’s about beautiful girls, Zeus we see you!), it was usually considered that regular Men have little say in their destiny, and little power to change it. They were toys in Gods’ hands, tools at the mercy of their power struggles and agendas not always in line with any form of anthropic benevolence.

github for psychologists
The Fates presiding on Human's destinies, from Disney's Hercules (1997).

In other faiths and philosophies (e.g., Eastern traditions), the world is understood at vastly different scale, and the notion of Self (and/or “soul”) is extended to encompass many lives. The ultimate goal of breaking the cycle of reincarnation and suffering and ascend to higher states of being is layed out over many lives and, for most people, there isn’t much they can do in only one life to escape it. If anything, they must follow a just path, minimize karmic loss, and seek the “truth” within themselves. A process of Self-mastery and introspection facilitated by various practices, such as meditation.

Other religions, refered to as “orthopraxic”, are more than mere beliefs systems (e.g., Islam, as well as some currents of Judeism) and expect followers to follow a set of behaviours and conducts, codifying many aspects of life. The “truth” has already been revealed to mankind, and we have the choice of following it - and be saved - or not - and be damned. Importantly for our topic, the “truth” is often contained directly in the scriptures, and can only be attained by studying and learning the sacred texts (with varying degrees of possible interpretation).

Christianity is different in regards to several aspects. The history of Chritiniarty led it to regards to several aspects.

Corruption Decadent leaders Crusades Inquisition

One can get closer to God by studying his creation, the world.

Other religions, personal responsability is even further simplified:

What does it have to do with fractals? You’ll see, but first, let us make a brief reminder on the king of fractals, the Mandelbrot set.


what is mandelbrot

The Mandelbrot set exerts some strange attraction, and these blobs of colour One of the vidualization variant of this set has been immediately attributed a sacred meaning, and has now become known as the Buddhabrot for its eerie ressemblance with the traditional representation of the Buddha in the lotus position.

Image of Buddhabrot side by side with Buddha.

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Dominique Makowski
Dominique Makowski
Presidential Research Fellow

Trained as neuropsychologist and CBT psychotherapist, I am currently working as a researcher at the Clinical Brain Lab in Singapore, on the neuroscience of reality perception.